The basics of the codes are similar with minor changes from area to area. Learn more about the basics of deck railing code-compliance and installation in the Deck Railing Guide and Glossary of Deck Terms and Lingo.
Whether you are installing cable railing on a deck staircase or balcony its important to make sure that your railing system is up to code.
Deck handrail code. If your deck is below 30 then you do not need a railing for most North American jurisdictions. Deck Stair Handrails Handrails are installed on stairs to assist in ascending and descending by providing something to grasp for balance. The series of tests are performed by expert deck inspectors or accredited professional inspection services provider.
The existing deck railings codes and requirements are specifically designed to ensure everyones safety. A handrail is a defined word in the Building Code but in the context of a barrier means the top rail of the barrier. Deck railing height standards can vary from state to state but typically require a 36 or 42 railing.
Treads must be at least 10 inches deep measuring from front to back. The code includes regulations regarding the height spacing load etc. Railings used on stairs balconies decks ramps walks.
Improperly built decks can shift or collapse injuring people in the process and causing damage to houses and other structures. After all youve invested a lot in your deck railing system. Table 1 states a durability requirement of not less than 15 years for balusters.
There are specific requirements for each aspect of the railing system such as handrail height the amount of pressure that the system must be able to withstand and how far apart the posts must be spaced. We explain the difference between a handrail a stair rail and a guardrail and we provide specifications and building code specifications sketches of proper safe and improper unsafe handrails and other types of railings. Building Codes for Deck Railing.
If a property owner or contractor elects to install railings on any deck lower than 30 the railings must still meet code. Handrails are required for stairs and must meet standards as specified by R311563 in the IRC code. Stair rails on decks should be between 34 inches and 38 inches high measured vertically from the nose of the tread to the top of the rail.
Deck railing code is in place for a reason however. Do I Need a Railing on My Deck. There will be two 11-in-wide treads and three 7-12-in.
Building codes are in place to ensure safety and virtually every state and municipality enforces codes for deck construction. Though it might be a bit tedious to sift through in the end doing your research and preparation will be well worth your time. These deck railing height diagrams are a great reference for your design and building portfolio.
The railing must be strong enough to resist the following loads. Deck railings for homes and buildings must meet the International Residential Code and International Building Code tests. A handful of states and some provinces mandate railings begin at 24 above grade not 30.
Handrail ends must be returned and terminated at rail posts. We have also created separate illustrations for residential guards for the USA and Canada – depending on where you live. Building code for deck railing indicates that you need a deck railing for any deck that is 30 or more above grade.
Deck Railing Code Ontario. This deck railing height code also applies to commercial decks and balconies such as restaurants bars and museums as well as multi-family homes condos and any deck on a third-story or higher. To ensure safety individual communities in the United States regulate certain aspects.
The top edge of the handrail must be placed between 34 and 38 above the nosing of the stair treads. The code has some very specific requirements for deck stairs. Im building stairs on a new deck and want to clarify if the building code requires a handrail.
The sweep space between the deck surface and the bottom rail must be less than 4. Ive read that the 2015 IRC requires a handrail on at least one side of stairs with four or more risers so am I right in thinking that I can build with no handrail. According to one estimate about half of the 40 million decks in the United States are not code-compliant.
A deck with no or inadequate railings is an accident waiting to happen. In California deck railings are required to be a minimum of 42 tall measured from the deck surface to the top. The International Residential Code IRC adopted by most US cities and towns requires 36-in-high deck railings for decks more than 30 in.
They include the actual height of the rail above the deck the height above grade when a guardrail is required and important baluster spacing dimensions. It exists to keep people safe. Rather there are sections of the Residential CodeThat Apply to building standards related to structures such as railings stairs stringers treads footings framin and ledger boardsWeve tried to summarize them and put them all together for you.
Building code requires support posts for the rail structure to be no further apart than 6 feet on a deck with 44 deck rail posts and no more than 8 feet apart for decks with 66 deck rail posts. What you will notice from this checklist is that there is not really a specific deck building code per se. Building codes require any flight of stairs with four or more rises to be built with a handrail on at least one side.
The Ontario deck railing code is controlled by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing Building and Development Branch and we at Art Metal Workshop strictly follow it.